Permits are not required for goats and sheep entering Virginia unless they are originating from an area that is considered positive for tuberculosis or brucellosis for cattle by the USDA. If you are planning to ship goats or sheep to Virginia from a tuberculosis or brucellosis cattle positive area, additional testing requirements apply and a permit may be required; please contact the Office of Veterinary Services at 804.786.2483. The following requirements only apply to goats and sheep that originate in cattle tuberculosis and brucellosis negative areas.
No goat or sheep may be imported into Virginia that does not originate from a scrapie consistent state, unless originating from a flock enrolled in the complete monitored or export monitored category of the USDA Scrapie Flock Certification Program. No goat or sheep infected with scrapie, or the offspring of a goat or sheep infected with scrapie, may enter Virginia.
Goats and sheep entering Virginia must be officially identified (unless exempted below) and require a certificate of veterinary inspection (CVI) issued 30 days or less before entry from a licensed and accredited veterinarian in the state of origin. Official identification for sheep is an ear tag that is approved by the USDA for use in the Scrapie Eradication Program or the Scrapie Flock Certification Program. Official identification for goats is an ear tag that is approved by the USDA for use in Scrapie programs; a legible official registry tattoo if accompanied by a registration certificate; or for goats exempted from identification requirements by Virginia’s Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Scrapie Eradication an ear tag or other affixed device bearing a unique identification number issued by an official state or federal program. If multiple goats or sheep of similar breed, age, and sex are listed on the CVI, sequential identification numbers may be summarized. Please contact the Office of Veterinary Services at 804.786.2483 if you have questions about identification.
Identification is not required for castrated male goats that are not subject to the Scrapie Eradication Program.
Additional requirements for goats and sheep 18 months of age or older intended for dairying purposes:
All goats and sheep 18 months of age or older and intended for dairying purposes require a negative tuberculosis test 60 days or less before entry (unless exempted below) by a licensed and accredited veterinarian in the state of origin. Dairying purposes means the production of milk or milk products, or the production of breeding stock whose progeny are to be used for the production of milk or milk products. This requirement does not apply to animals entering Virginia for 10 days or less for exhibition, or to animals from an accredited tuberculosis-free herd (the accreditation number and date of the last herd test must be listed on the CVI).
Goats and sheep entering Virginia for slaughter:
Goats and sheep can enter Virginia without a CVI if they are consigned directly to a livestock slaughter establishment, or to a USDA-approved market and from there directly to a livestock slaughter establishment. Official identification, if required, must be noted on the waybill.
Goats and sheep entering Virginia for sale at a livestock market:
Goats and sheep entering Virginia for sale at an approved livestock market may be exempt from CVI, testing, and identification requirements provided that the market applies identification and maintains certain records. Please contact the market you plan to consign the goats or sheep to in order to find out if these exemptions apply. If not, follow the general requirements as appropriate.