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REGULATORY SERVICES

Agricultural Commodity Inspection

The Office of Plant Industry Services (OPIS) is responsible for ensuring the integrity of commodities regulated under the Commercial Feed, Animal Remedies, Seed, Fertilizer, and Agricultural Liming Materials Laws. To ensure that products are truthfully labeled, OPIS Inspectors inspect establishments that manufacture or distribute regulated products. The inspection involves reviewing product labels for accuracy and collecting and analyzing representative samples of the products. A regulated product having false or misleading labeling or containing a substance that has been identified as harmful to man, plants, animals, or the environment is prohibited from further distribution in Virginia. Also, a misbranded or adulterated product is prohibited from distribution until it is brought into compliance with the law.

Animal Remedies

Animal remedies are over-the-counter medications including wound ointments, wormers, antibiotics and drugs intended for animals. Prescription medications and vaccines handled by veterinarians are not included. The Office of Plant Industry Services (OPIS) is responsible for ensuring the integrity of animal remedies sold in Virginia, by verifying that all animal remedies sold in Virginia are labeled properly.

Official samples of animal remedies are collected by OPIS Inspectors throughout Virginia and analyzed in the laboratory. If the laboratory analysis finds the product is misbranded or adulterated because it fails to meet its label guarantees or contains a substance that is harmful to animals or might endanger human food derived from the animals, the product is prohibited from further distribution in Virginia. It will remain prohibited until it is brought into compliance with the law.

A license is not required to manufacture or sell animal remedies.

Virginia Animal Remedies Law
FAQ’s

Commercial Animal Feed

The Office of Plant Industry Services is responsible for ensuring the integrity of commercial animal feed which includes feed for livestock, poultry, pets, specialty pets and medicated feed regulated by the Virginia Commercial Feed Law, by verifying that all feed sold in Virginia is labeled properly. Virginia manufacturers of animal feed are inspected on a regular basis to assure feeds are manufactured in a wholesome manner in accordance with the Current Good Manufacturing Practices. Official samples of animal feed are collected by OPIS Inspectors throughout Virginia and analyzed in the laboratory. If the laboratory analysis finds the product is misbranded or adulterated because it fails to meet its label guarantees or contains a substance that is harmful to animals or might endanger human food derived from the animals, the product is prohibited from further distribution in Virginia until it is brought into compliance with the law.

Virginia Commercial Feed
FAQ’s

Fertilizer and Agricultural Liming Materials

The Office of Plant Industry Services (OPIS) is responsible for ensuring the integrity of fertilizers, including organic fertilizers, soil amendments, soil conditioners, and horticultural growing media or potting soil, and agricultural liming materials sold in Virginia, by inspection of products for truthful labeling and analysis of official samples collected by OPIS inspectors. Official samples of fertilizer and agricultural liming materials are collected by OPIS Inspectors throughout Virginia and analyzed in the laboratory for label guarantees for plant nutrients or the ability to neutralize soil acid. If the laboratory analysis finds the product is misbranded or adulterated because it fails to meet its label guarantees or contains a substance that is harmful to plants or the environment, the product is prohibited from further distribution in Virginia until it is brought into compliance with the law.

Virginia Fertilizer Law
Virginia Agricultural Liming Materials Law
FAQ’s

Fertilizer & Lime Usage and Inspection Report 2010-11
Introduction
Monetary Values Used
Total Fertilizer Report 2010-11
Fertilizer by County
Lime Tonnage by County 2010-11
Fertilizer Valuation and Penalty Report 2010-11
Lime Sample Results 2010-11

Fertilizer & Lime Usage and Inspection Report 2009-10
Introduction
Monetary Values Used
Total Fertilizer Report 2009-10
Fertilizer by County
Lime Tonnage by County 2009-10
Fertilizer Valuation and Penalty Report 2009-10
Lime Sample Results 2009-10

Fertilizer & Lime Usage and Inspection Report 2008-09
Introduction
Monetary Values Used
Total Fertilizer Report 2008-09
Fertilizer by County
Lime Tonnage by County 2008-09
Fertilizer Valuation and Penalty Report 2008-09
Lime Sample Results 2008-09

Producer Protection

Dealers in Agricultural Products Law
The Virginia Dealers in Agricultural Products Law requires that all buyers of agricultural products from Virginia producers be licensed and bonded, unless they meet certain exemption requirements as provided by the Law. The primary purpose of the Law is to help assure Virginia producers of prompt accounting and payment for products sold.

Dealers in Grain Products

Seed

All seeds for agricultural crops, lawn grass, vegetables, flowers and trees are regulated by the Virginia Seed Law. The Office of Plant Industry Services is responsible for ensuring to the consumers of Virginia the integrity of seeds sold in Virginia. This is accomplished by reviewing product labels to make sure all seeds sold in Virginia are labeled properly. Official samples of seed are collected by inspectors throughout Virginia and tested in the Seed Laboratory. Seeds are tested for purity, trueness to variety, noxious weeds and germination. If laboratory tests find the product is misbranded or adulterated because it fails to meet its label guarantees or contains prohibited or restricted noxious weed seeds, the product is prohibited from further distribution in Virginia until it is brought into compliance with the law.

Virginia Seed Law
FAQ’s

Seed Inspection Fees

The Virginia Seed Law requires the payment of an annual inspection fee of 0.3% (three tenths of one percent) of the gross sales of lawn and turf seed sold in Virginia. Lawn and turf seed are defined as, "seeds of grasses commonly recognized and sold for lawns, recreational and utilitarian areas where turf is grown for beautification or erosion control." This also includes mixtures of seed intended for beautification or erosion control purposes. In keeping with other requirements, lawn and turf seed include: Bentgrass (Creeping, Colonial and Velvet), Bermudagrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Chewing Fescue, Hard Fescue, Red Fescue, Sheep Fescue, Tall Fescue (turf type varieties), Perennial Ryegrass (varieties), Rough Bluegrass and Zoysia.

The party responsible for the introduction of lawn and turf seed into Virginia is responsible for payment of the inspection fee. The year's inspection fee is based on the gross sales recorded for the calendar year January 1 through December 31. If you do not sell any lawn and turf seed or mixtures during this period you are not required to pay an inspection fee; however, you must complete and return the report form. Inspection fees are due on January 31 each year for sales occurring during the previous year.

Seed Laboratory

Seed Testing Fee Schedule

The primary responsibility of the Seed Laboratory is testing seed for the enforcement of the Virginia Seed Law. It also tests Certified Seed for the Virginia Crop Improvement Association (VCIA) to determine if they meet minimum certification standards. In addition, seed analysts do service sample testing for farmers, seed dealers, processors and consumers. In carrying out its seed testing responsibilities, the laboratory works closely with VCIA and Foundation Seed Farm for the certification program and the Federal Seed Laboratory in Gastonia, NC for the enforcement of the Federal Seed Act.
Seed analysts perform several different tests to evaluate the various elements of seed quality:

The laboratory maintains field test plots to conduct trueness to variety grow-out tests. Seeds are planted in a replicate test pattern and mature plant characteristics are compared to those of a control sample grown in close proximity. All lots of foundation and registered seed are planted in trueness to variety grow-out plots, thus maintaining the cooperative agreement with VCIA. This includes soybeans, peanuts and small grains. In cooperation with USDA, grow-out tests are conducted on soybeans and cowpeas from samples submitted by Seed Control Officials from many states
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