Plant Industry Services
Effective July 1, 2023:
When offered for retail sale, a hemp product may not exceed 0.3 percent total tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and may not have more than two milligrams of total THC per package unless the product’s cannabidiol (CBD) to THC ratio is at least 25 parts CBD for every one part THC. “Total THC” means all of the THC in a product, including delta-8 THC, delta-9 THC, and other THC isomers.
Edible hemp products must meet certain packaging, labeling, and testing requirements. For more information, please visit VDACS’s Hemp Product Enforcement page.
Topical hemp products must bear a label that states that the product is not intended for human consumption.
A substance intended for human consumption, orally or by inhalation, that contains a synthetic derivative of THC may not be sold.
Effective at a future date*:
Anyone selling at retail a hemp product intended for smoking or an edible hemp product must have a Regulated Hemp Product Retail Facility Registration from VDACS.
*The new hemp product requirements in the Industrial Hemp Law will become effective when VDACS’s Commissioner provides notice to the Virginia Code Commission that VDACS has established the retail registration process necessary to implement these requirements. The establishment of this program is dependent upon multiple factors, including the agency’s ability to hire new staff and develop the systems needed for the efficient operation of this program. At this time, VDACS is not able to estimate when this program will be established.
In 2021, the Virginia General Assembly adopted the legislation that established the Virginia Cannabis Control Authority and authorized it to oversee Virginia's prospective adult-use marijuana retail market; however, the 2022 General Assembly did not reenact the regulatory scheme for the regulation of an adult-use marijuana retail market. As such, there is not currently a legal, adult-use marijuana retail market or an adult-use marijuana licensure program in Virginia.
For more information regarding the Virginia Cannabis Control Authority, please visit cca.virginia.gov.
On November 19, 2021, USDA approved VDACS’s Plan to Regulate Hemp Production in the Commonwealth. As such, beginning January 1, 2022, VDACS will regulate industrial hemp production in Virginia in accordance with the 2018 federal Farm Bill’s hemp provisions, USDA’s Domestic Hemp Production Program regulation, and the Virginia Industrial Hemp Law. Should the federal government provide new flexibility in the regulation of the production of industrial hemp, VDACS will consider the implementation of any program modifications that will benefit Virginia’s industrial hemp growers.
VDACS’s regulation of industrial hemp growers in Virginia must comply with federal law regarding hemp production.
Notably, federal law requires that VDACS review an individual’s criminal history report before authorizing the individual to grow industrial hemp. Additionally, growers must obtain a farm number from USDA’s Farm Service Agency and must sample and test each of their industrial hemp lots no more than 30 days before harvest. Please review the Know Before You Grow (pdf) document for additional information regarding the requirements to grow industrial hemp in Virginia.
As it has in previous years, VDACS will continue to assess compliance using an industrial hemp lot’s post-decarboxylation delta-9 THC (aka Total delta-9 THC). The THC concentration of your hemp crop may not exceed 0.3 percent Total delta-9 THC.
“Grower” means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of Va. Code § 3.2-4115 to plant, cultivate, or harvest industrial hemp. The application fee for an Industrial Hemp Grower Registration is $150.
Industrial Hemp Registrations are annual registrations that expire one year from the date of issuance. There is no deadline to apply; however, the process to review applications and issue Industrial Hemp Grower, Processor, and Handler Registrations is taking approximately 45 days.
Before you submit an application for an Industrial Hemp Grower Registration, you will need to obtain an FBI Identity History Summary. The FBI Identity History Summary you submit to VDACS may not be dated more than 60 days before the date of your application. If a business entity holds or will hold an Industrial Hemp Grower Registration, all key participants in the business must obtain an FBI Identity History Summary. A “key participant” is a sole proprietor; each partner in a partnership; or each person with executive managerial control in a corporation, including the chief executive officer, the chief operating officer, and the chief financial officer.
Industrial Hemp Lot Updates
To change or add an industrial hemp lot (production field) to your registration, complete the form below.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Grower must submit a planting report within 14 calendar days of planting seeds, clones, or cuttings. If you plant multiple times throughout the growing season, you will need to submit multiple planting reports.
If you do not plant industrial hemp on an industrial hemp lot stated on your registration, you must submit a planting report for that lot by October 31.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Grower must submit a harvest report within 5 calendar days of:
A Registered Industrial Hemp Grower who experiences a complete crop failure of an industrial hemp lot or who voluntarily destroys an industrial hemp lot should state the Total Harvested as "0" and note the primary reason for the crop failure or destruction and note the method used to destroy the crop (burn, mulch, till) in the "Explanation of Discrepancy" column of the harvest report.
Non-compliant industrial hemp lots
An industrial hemp lot with a THC concentration that exceeds the acceptable industrial hemp THC level, as determined by VDACS after compliance testing, must be remediated or destroyed.
Upon receipt and review of the grower’s laboratory compliance test results, VDACS will notify the grower via email if VDACS has determined that an industrial hemp lot has exceeded the acceptable industrial hemp THC level. This email will also explain the grower’s next steps in the compliance process, including the documentation that the grower must submit to VDACS.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Grower whose industrial hemp lot exceeds the acceptable industrial hemp THC level may choose one of the following options to remedy the situation: Destruction or Remediation. A grower may choose from two methods of remediation: (i) remove and destroy all flower material, while retaining stalk, stems, leaf material, or seeds or (ii) shred the entire industrial hemp lot. A grower who elects to remediate an industrial hemp lot must obtain the services of a Trained Sampling Agent and approved testing laboratory to sample and test, respectively, the remediated industrial hemp lot.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Grower may wish to provide an “Agent Documentation” form to each person you intend to serve as your agent for the limited purpose of growing industrial hemp. You do not need to submit this form to VDACS.
Become a Sampling Agent who Conducts Regulatory Sampling
Anyone who will collect pre-harvest or post-remediation industrial hemp samples used to determine a lot’s compliance with the Virginia Industrial Hemp Law must:
Sampling Agents collecting an industrial hemp sample that will used to be determine a lot’s compliance with the Virginia Industrial Hemp Law must follow the sample collection procedures described in VDACS’s 2024 Field Sampling Guidelines.
In order to be added to VDACS’s Trained Sampling Agent List, complete the appropriate Sampling Agent Training offered by USDA, read VDACS’s 2024 Field Sampling Guidelines, then submit the Industrial Hemp Sampling Agent application with a copy of your certificate of completion for the appropriate USDA sampling agent training.
Become a Laboratory that Conducts Regulatory Testing
Any laboratory that will analyze the THC concentration of a pre-harvest or post-remediation industrial hemp sample used to determine a lot’s compliance with the Virginia Industrial Hemp Law must:
To receive VDACS approval to conduct regulatory testing, a laboratory must submit the Industrial Hemp Testing Laboratory application and required documentation.
Find a Sampling Agent or a Testing Laboratory
Registered Industrial Hemp Growers must hire a sampling agent listed on VDACS’s Trained Sampling Agents List to collect a representative sample of each lot of industrial hemp no more than 30 days before the lot is harvested. Growers must use a VDACS-approved Testing Laboratory to test the Total THC of this sample. Growers are responsible for the cost of sampling, sample delivery or shipping, and testing.
“Handler” means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of Va. Code § 3.2-4115 to handle in industrial hemp. “Handler” does not include a retail establishment that sells or offers for sale a hemp product.
“Handle” means to temporarily possess industrial hemp grown in compliance with state or federal law that (i) has not been processed and (ii) was not grown and will not be processed by the person temporarily possessing it.
To apply for an Industrial Hemp Handler Registration or to renew your Industrial Hemp Handler Registration, complete the application below. The application fee is $250.
For information regarding how to obtain the coordinates for your handler's storage site location(s), please click here.
Handler's Storage Site Updates
To change or add a handler's storage site to your registration or to change the name or contact information associated with your registration, complete the form below.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Handler may wish to provide an “Agent Documentation” form to each person you intend to serve as your agent for the limited purpose of handler industrial hemp. You do not need to submit this form to VDACS.
“Processor” means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of Va. Code § 3.2-4115 to convert industrial hemp into a hemp product. “Hemp product” means any finished product that contains industrial hemp, including rope, building materials, automobile parts, animal bedding, animal feed, cosmetics, oil containing an industrial hemp extract, or food or food additives for human consumption.
To apply for an Industrial Hemp Processor Registration or to renew your Industrial Hemp Processor Registration, complete the application below. The application fee is $200.
For information regarding how to obtain the coordinates for your process site(s), please click here.
Process Site Updates
To change or add a process site to your registration, complete the form below.
A Registered Industrial Hemp Processor may wish to provide an “Agent Documentation” form to each person you intend to serve as your agent for the limited purpose of processing industrial hemp. You do not need to submit this form to VDACS.
Section 3.2-4115(D) of the Virginia Industrial Hemp Law provides that all records, data, and information filed in support of an industrial hemp grower, handler, or processor registration application shall be considered proprietary and excluded from the provisions of the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). Despite this exclusion from FOIA, some registered handlers or processors have requested that VDACS provide the public with certain information.
Registered Industrial Hemp Processors who plan to produce a hemp-derived extract intended for human consumption should submit an application to operate as a Manufacturer of a Hemp-Derived Extract Intended for Human Consumption. Please contact VDACS's Food Safety Program for additional information.
If your intended hemp-derived product is not an extract but is intended for human consumption, please contact VDACS's Food Safety Program for additional information.
Please note that the requirements in Virginia's Food and Drink Law do not pertain to the production or sale of topical products.
If you intend to distribute industrial hemp planting seed in Virginia, please review Virginia’s Seed Law and contact VDACS’s Agricultural Commodities Team for additional information on obtaining a Seed Dealers License.
If you intend to bring hemp clones or plants into Virginia, please contact VDACS’s Office of Plant Industry Services to determine whether a phytosanitary certificate is needed to do such.
VDACS has issued information to assist industrial hemp growers in identifying pesticide products that may be used on hemp crops grown in Virginia.
Information regarding VDACS’s pesticide product registration process and currently registered pesticides is available here. Please contact VDACS’s Office of Pesticide Services if you have questions regarding pesticide use in Virginia.
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